Rehabilitation instead of LTC
Long-term care expenditure is among the fastest-growing health-care costs in Germany. The main reason for this strong growth is the increasing number of care-dependent individuals – a population group that is forecast to continue to increase significantly in the future. The increasing demand for long-term care goes together with the increased need for both nursing home places and nursing staff. This in turn puts high financial pressure on the long-term care insurance framework and society in general, especially as the number of people in employment is expected to decrease at the same time.
One possible option to reduce or delay long-term care needs is rehabilitation. In this project, we analyse the effectiveness of rehabilitative measures to reduce long-term care needs. Additionally, we aim to validate the effectiveness of new and existing rehabilitative measures with a randomised field experiment. By randomising patients into a treatment group (which receives the rehabilitation measure under observation) and a control group (which receives no rehabilitation or the standard rehabilitation measure), such an experiment avoids problems associated with selection into treatment and the results can be interpreted causally.